- 1 Who discovered uranium in Grants NM?
- 2 Where is most uranium found in NM?
- 3 What city is associated with uranium mining within New Mexico?
- 4 How many uranium mines are in New Mexico?
- 5 What is an important use for depleted uranium?
- 6 Where is uranium found?
- 7 Is New Mexico an American state?
- 8 What is uranium used for?
- 9 What important research labs are located in New Mexico?
- 10 What is the effect mining has had on the Navajo peoples health?
Who discovered uranium in Grants NM?
Patricio “Paddy” Martinez (1881– August 26, 1969) was an American prospector and shepherd who discovered uranium at Haystack Mesa in the San Juan Basin near Grants, New Mexico, in 1950. This was the first discovery in the Grants Uranium District, and led to a uranium boom that lasted almost 30 years.
Where is most uranium found in NM?
Most of the uranium production in New Mexico has come from the Jurassic Morrison Formation in the Grants district in McKinley and Cibola (formerly Valencia) Counties, mainly from the Westwater Canyon Member in the San Juan Basin (Tables 2, 3; McLemore, 1983).
What city is associated with uranium mining within New Mexico?
San Mateo Creek Basin The Grants Mining District was the primary focus of uranium extraction and production activities in New Mexico from the 1950s until the late 1990s. The belt extends along the southern margin of the San Juan Basin in Cibola, McKinley, Sandoval, and Bernalillo Counties as well as on tribal lands.
How many uranium mines are in New Mexico?
Currently (April 7, 2014), there are 12 uranium mines that are either in the process of licensing or actively developing in New Mexico. The state has the second-largest known uranium ore reserves in the US.
What is an important use for depleted uranium?
Depleted uranium is used for tank armor, armor-piercing bullets, and as weights to help balance aircrafts. Depleted uranium is both a toxic chemical and radiation health hazard when inside the body.
Where is uranium found?
Uranium occurs naturally in the earth’s crust. In the United States, it is found most abundantly in the western states [EPA 2006a, b, c; Lide 1994; USGS 2009b]. Enrichment of uranium for nuclear weapons began in the 1940s and for energy production in the 1950s.
Is New Mexico an American state?
New Mexico, constituent state of the United States of America. It became the 47th state of the union in 1912. At its northwestern corner New Mexico joins Arizona, Utah, and Colorado in the only four-way meeting of states in the United States. The capital of New Mexico is Santa Fe.
What is uranium used for?
Uranium is now used to power commercial nuclear reactors that produce electricity and to produce isotopes used for medical, industrial, and defense purposes around the world.
What important research labs are located in New Mexico?
Since 1945, New Mexico has been a leader in energy research and development with extensive experiments conducted at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and Sandia Laboratories in the nuclear, solar, and geothermal areas. Los Alamos Laboratory, known as Project Y, was conceived during the early part of World War II.
Navajo miners contracted a variety of cancers including lung cancer at much higher rates than the rest of the U.S. population, and they have suffered higher rates of other lung diseases caused by breathing in radon. Private companies resisted regulation through lobbying Congress and state legislatures.